Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Genus: Hirundo
Species: Hirundo rustica

Image result for barn swallow

Photo By: Stig Nygaard



The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica), a group of passerine birds comprised of six closely related subspecies, are well known throughout their nearly worldwide distribution, in part because of their close association with human settlements” (Scordato & Safran, 2014). They are a sparrow-sized bird with an average length of 6.75 in, a wing span of 15 in and a weight of 0.67 oz (Sibley, 2016). The male barn swallow have a more vibrant colored plumage then females. Typical colors for a barn swallow are a bright steel blue which changes in the light for most of their upper body head, back, wings and tail. The forehead and throat are a rusty red/orange color followed with a white creamy colored belly. They fly with fluid wing beats and can make quick turns and dives. Their long slender body and deeply forked tail attribute to their fast movements.

Image result for barn swallow

Photo By: Lip Kee


Food Habits
Population Trends and Conservation Issues
Literature Cited
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