Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sittidae
Genus: Sitta
Species: Sitta canadensis


Red-Breasted Nuthatch, or Sitta canadensis, is a small song bird that is commonly found in conifer-deciduous forests. They are about 4.5 inches (Sibley 2003). They are commonly known as “backyard birds.” This species is much easier to hear than to see because they are so small but so loud (Auster-Rosen pers. obs.).

Red-Breasted Nuthatches feed on insects and seeds, so if you have a bird feeder in your back yard, expect to see this species. They often climb up and down tree trunks to excavate food. They are all over North America, and are Washington residents all year around (Sibley 2003). At The Evergreen State College, the best place to look for these birds is at the bird feeders outside of the Sem 1 building. Sometimes this species can be seen in mixed flocks of other small Passeriformes, such as chickadees (Auster-Rosen Personal Observation). A reason that this species takes part in mixed flocks can have to do with the avoidance of predation and the help in finding food (Hobson and Wilgenburg 2006).

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